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Term Definition
gestational age

the age of an embryo counting from the time of fertilization; fetal age

Grave's disease (exophthalmic goiter)

a form of hyperthyroidism characterized by enlargement of the thyroid gland, protrusion of the eyeballs, increased basal metabolic rate, and weight loss

Hashimoto's disease

an autoimmune

heart murmur

an abnormal sound heard on listening to the heart; produced by the blood passing through deformed cardiac valves


a difference in coloration in two anatomical structures or two parts of the same structure which are normally alike in color

high arched palate

describes a particular configuration and shape of the maxilla or upper jaw

hip dysplasia

abnormal development of the hip joint on one or both sides of the body

Holter monitor

a portable electrocardiograph worn by a patient over an extended period of time

hyper-reflexia (overactive reflexes)

overactivity of physiological reflexes


excessively sensitive


overactivity of the thyroid gland; characterized by increased metabolism and exophthalmos

hypo-reflexia (reduced reflexes)

underactivity of bodily reflexes

hypoglycemia (unrelated to diabetes)

an abnormally low level of glucose in the


low or diminished sensitivity to stimulation


a congenital condition in which the opening of the urethra is situated on the underside of the penis instead of at its tip


deficient activity of the thyroid gland


the state of having hypotonic (low)

IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

any combination of common disturbances of the

in turned feet

feet that point inward instead of straight or outward; also called "intoeing" or "pigeon toes"

increased kidney size

kidney is enlarged or increased in size

infantile spasms

a specific type of seizure seen in an epilepsy syndrome of infancy and childhood known as West Syndrome; onset is usually in the first year of life, typically between 3-8 months; West Syndrome is characterized by infantile spasms, developmental regression, and a specific pattern on electroencephalography (EEG) testing called hypsarrhythmia (chaotic brain waves)

interstitial dup15q

a segment of duplicated material within chromosome 15;

isodicentric 15

the scientific name for a specific type of chromosome abnormality where individuals have 47 chromosomes (sometimes more) instead of the typical 46 chromosomes with the extra chromosome made up of material from chromosome 15 (most commonly, the region called 15q11-q13).

ketogenic diet

high fat, high protein, low carb diet found helpful in some seizure disorders

kidney scan

diagnostic test used to examine for kidney abnormalities

kidney stones

deposits of various minerals forming hard stones that may cause pain and blockage of kidney function.

kidney ultrasound

diagnostic test using soundwaves to discover kidney abnormalities or stones


spine bulges at the upper back; humpbacked

lack of REM

when REM (a normal stage of sleep characterized by the rapid movement of the eyes) is disturbed and the person is not getting the proper amount of REM

lax or hyper extensible joints

joints that move beyond the normal range with little effort

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