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Term Definition
lead

a heavy metal that is a neurotoxin and can accumulate in soft tissue and bones, causing damage to the nervous system or cause brain or blood disorders

Lennox Gasteuox

a severe form of epilepsy that is characterized by the onset in early childhood of frequent seizures of multiple types, developmental delay, a particular brain wave pattern (a slow spike-and-wave pattern), and behavioral disturbances with poor social skills and attention-seeking behavior

levels of IgA, IgA and IgM

protein antibodies used by the immune system to block and neutralize foreign material such as viruses and bacteria

lordosis

spine curves forward; also called "swayback"

low blood pressure

lower than normal pressure of blood in the arteries; may cause dizziness, fainting or seizures

low blood sugar

lower than normal blood glucose; may cause hunger, nervousness,fatigue,sweating or moodiness

malformed kidney

an abnormality in the structure of the kidney

malocculsion

abnormality in the coming together of teeth; teeth not aligned properly

manometry testing

a test used to measure the function of the valve that prevents reflux of gastric acid into the esophagus and the muscles of the esophagus; test if your esophagus is able to move food to your stomach normally

mild sleep apnea

sleep disorder characterized by abnormal pauses in breathing or instances of abnormally low breathing, during sleep; each pause in breathing, called an apnea, can last from a few seconds to minutes, and may occur 5 to 30 times or more an hour

Mitochondrial Disorder

neuromuscular disease caused by dysfunctional mitochondria, the organelles that convert the energy of food molecules into the energy that power most cell and body functions

motor coordination

the combination of body movements created with the kinematic (such as spatial direction) and kinetic (force) parameters that result in intended actions

motor planning

the ability to execute or carry out learned purposeful movements; apraxia is the loss of the ability to do this, despite having the desire and the physical ability to perform the movements

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

radiology technique that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer to produce images of body structures

multiple cysts in kidney

having multiple cysts in the kidney that are fluid-filled, causing the kidney to be enlarged and result in poor kidney function; ie: polycystic kidney disease, dysplastic kidney

myoclonic seizures

seizure characterized by jerking movements of a muscle or muscle group without loss of consciousness

nearsightedness (myopia)

ability to see near objects more clearly than distant objects

neonatal sepsis

a blood infection that occurs in an infant younger than ninety days old; it is a whole-body inflammatory response to a known or suspected infection

NICU (neonatal intensive care unit)

unit of a hospital specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants

OCD

a diagnosed anxiety disorder in which people have thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations, or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something, usually repeatedly

oppositional defiant disorder

a pattern of disobedient, hostile, & defiant behaviors towards authority figures

orthotics

custom made mechanical devices made and worn to correct a problem with body strength or structure; most commonly used for ankle stability

OT (occupational therapy)

a rehabilitation science that promotes health by enabling people to perform meaningful and purposeful activities; occupations of a child include play, chores, self-care and schoolwork

out turned feet

usually characterized by both feet turning outward when standing and/or walking; the rotation can actually come from the ankles, the knees or the hips

overeating

generally refers to the long-term consumption of excess food in relation to the energy that an organism expends (or expels via excretion), leading to weight gaining and often obesity; may be regarded as an eating disorder

overnight or 24 hour EEG

measure of brain waves (for a full 24 hours) to show the type and location of the activity in the brain during a seizure; also used to evaluate people who are having problems associated with brain function

PDD/NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorde

a condition on the autism spectrum that has those with it exhibiting some but not all of the symptoms of classic autism; can include difficulty in socializing with others, repetitive behaviors, and heightened sensitivities to certain stimuli

PECS (Picture Exchange Communication)

use of standardized symbols as a replacement of the spoken language

peptic ulcers

hole in the lining of the stomach, duodendum, or esophagus; occurs while the lining of these organs is corroded by the acidic digestive juices which are secreted by the stomach cells

PET (Positron Emission Tomography)

system similar to X-Ray and MRI, but use a radioactive fluid or gas (injected or inhaled) to create the pictures

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