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Term Definition
malformed kidney

an abnormality in the structure of the kidney


abnormality in the coming together of teeth; teeth not aligned properly

manometry testing

a test used to measure the function of the valve that prevents reflux of gastric acid into the esophagus and the muscles of the esophagus; test if your esophagus is able to move food to your stomach normally

mild sleep apnea

sleep disorder characterized by abnormal pauses in breathing or instances of abnormally low breathing, during sleep; each pause in breathing, called an apnea, can last from a few seconds to minutes, and may occur 5 to 30 times or more an hour

Mitochondrial Disorder

neuromuscular disease caused by dysfunctional mitochondria, the organelles that convert the energy of food molecules into the energy that power most cell and body functions

motor coordination

the combination of body movements created with the kinematic (such as spatial direction) and kinetic (force) parameters that result in intended actions

motor planning

the ability to execute or carry out learned purposeful movements; apraxia is the loss of the ability to do this, despite having the desire and the physical ability to perform the movements

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

radiology technique that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer to produce images of body structures

multiple cysts in kidney

having multiple cysts in the kidney that are fluid-filled, causing the kidney to be enlarged and result in poor kidney function; ie: polycystic kidney disease, dysplastic kidney

myoclonic seizures

seizure characterized by jerking movements of a muscle or muscle group without loss of consciousness