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Term Definition
abdominal bloating

swollen stomach; also known as distention

absence seizures

stopping activity and staring into space for a few seconds

adenocetomy

surgery that removes the adenoids in an attempt to reduce frequent sinus and ear infections

ankyloglossia (tongue tied)

the improper positioning of tongue tissue in the mouth, which restricts the tongue's free movement.

antibody titers

laboratory test that measures the presence and amount of antibodies in blood; antibodies are produced when a vaccine is successful

anxiety disorder

excessive anxiety and worry about a number of events or activities.

arrythmia

abnormal heart rhythm

asthma

respiratory disorder, often of allergic origin, characterized by difficulty breathing, wheezing, and a sense of constriction in the chest

astigmatism

condition in which the curvature of the cornea

Ativan (lorazepam)

a benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety disorders or anxiety associated with depression

atonic seizures

minor seizure characterized by a brief lapse in muscle tone

atypical absence seizures

common chronic neurological disorder

augmentative communication

communication method using a representation system or symbols, including gestures, hand signals, photographs, pictures, line drawings, words and letters, which can be used alone or in combination

autism

a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life; affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills

autistic entercolitis

controversial term first used by British gastroenterologist Andrew Wakefield to describe a number of common clinical symptoms and signs which he contends are distinctive to autism

barium swallowing radiograph (upper GI)

an x-ray examination of the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and first part of the small intestine that uses a special form of x-ray called fluoroscopy and an orally ingested contrast material called barium

BIPAP (Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure

breathing apparatus that helps people get more air into their lungs; uses air pressure to keep the airways open

bipolar/manic depression

psychiatric diagnosis that describes a category of mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition, and mood with or without one or more depressive episodes

blindness

is a lack of vision; may also refer to a loss of vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses

body awareness

the internal sense that tells you where your body parts are without your having to look at them

breathing difficulties

a sensation of difficult or uncomfortable breathing or a feeling of not getting enough air

CBC and differential

laboratory blood test that measures the levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelet levels, hemoglobin and hematocrit

central sleep apnea

when you repeatedly stop breathing during sleep because the brain temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing

chronic bronchitis

one type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease); the inflamed bronchi produce a lot of mucus leading to coughing and difficulty getting air in and out of the lungs

chronic constipation

a condition of infrequent bowel movements (typically fewer than three stools a week) and difficult passage of stools which persists

chronic diarrhea

diarrhea means passing loose, watery stools three or more times a day; chronic diarrhea symptoms may be continual or they may come and go

cleft lip

a treatable birth defect that occurs when the tissues of the upper jaw and nose do not join as expected during fetal development, resulting in a split (cleft) in the lip

Cleft palate

a treatable birth defect that occures when the roof of the baby's mouth (palate) does not develop normally during pregnancy, leaving an opening (cleft) in the palate that may go through to the nasal cavity

clonic seizures

rhythmic jerking movements of the arms and legs, sometimes on both sides of the body

colonoscopy

a procedure used to see inside the colon and rectum; can detect inflamed tissue, ulcers, and abnormal growths; used to look for early signs of colorectal cancer and can help doctors diagnose unexplained changes in bowel habits, abdominal pain, bleeding from the anus, and weight loss

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